Uni-Logo Koordinatoren des Kolloquiums:
Prof. Dr. F. Schmidt-Kaler
Institut für Physik
Johannes Gutenberg-Universität
Prof. Dr. Hartmut Wittig
Institut fuer Kernphysik,
Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet

Physikalisches Kolloquium Mainz

Institut für Kernphysik, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45

Dienstag, den 11.12.2018 um 16 Uhr c.t. im HS KPH
Tee ab 15:45 Uhr

Relaxing hardware constraints: shifting the burden to software to make faster, portable and motion tolerant images

Prof. Lawrence Wald, Ph.D., Harvard Medical School & Massachusetts General Hospital

The textbook formulation of MRI is typically framed with uniform fields, well-controlled linear gradients and stationary objects. If violated, corrections are imposed to nudge the data back into the proper form. If instead we replace image reconstruction with a more general optimization-based strategy, the increased computational burden can buy us important benefits. We show the potential of moving in this direction in three experiments; a fast imaging method otherwise compromised by small gradient control errors, a reconstruction that jointly estimates both the image and patient motion, thus producing artifact-free images of moving patients, and a 120 kg but inhomogeneous brain MRI that forms images with no switching gradients (and is thus also silent). We also show the potential of the method to eliminate motion and gradient mis-calibration artifacts from MR images. Finally, Machine Learning approaches appear poised to either completely take over the model-based reconstruction, offering a very general form of model, or perhaps less scary, do some of the more difficult and computation-time consuming steps.

Kontakt: Andrea Graham, andrea.graham@uni-mainz.de