Programm für das Sommersemester 2020

Thursdays, 14 Uhr c.t.

Institut für Physik
live at Zoom

23.04.20Dr. Tobias Jenke, ILL Grenoble
Neutrons are excellent probes to test gravity at short distances – electrically neutral and only hardly polarizable. Very slow, so-called ultracold neutrons form bound quantum states in the gravity potential of the Earth. This allows combining gravity experiments at short distances with powerful resonance spectroscopy techniques, as well as tests of the interplay between gravity and quantum mechanics. In the last decade, the qBounce collaboration has been performing several measurement campaigns at the ultracold and very cold neutron facility PF2 at the Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble/France. A new spectroscopy technique, Gravity Resonance Spectroscopy, was developed and realized, and snapshots of falling wavepackets of these gravitationally bound quantum states were recorded. The results were applied to test gravity at micron distances as well as various Dark Energy and Dark Matter scenarios in the lab, like Axions, Chameleons and Symmetrons. In my talk, I will review the experiments, explain key technologies and summarize the results obtained.
14:00 Uhr s.t., at Zoom Meeting ID: 236 122 4872

30.04.20Dr. Karolina Kulesz, CERN, Geneve
GammaMRI project aims to develop a new medical imaging modality able to overcome the limitations of existing imaging techniques and to combines their advantages. Gamma-MRI introduces the spatial resolution of MRI, the sensitivity of nuclear medicine (PET and SPECT) and possible clinical benefits of xenon isotopes [1,2]. At the same time, it eliminates drawbacks of the above-mentioned techniques. Our team is at present working on a proof-of-concept experiment. Gamma-MRI is based on the detection of asymmetric γ-ray emission of long-lived polarized nuclear states in the presence of magnetic fields [2]. The nuclei used in our study are long-lived nuclear isomers of Xe isotopes: 129mXe (T1/2 = 9 d),131mXe (T1/2 = 12 d) and 133mXe (T1/2 = 2 d) produced at the ILL high flux reactor in Grenoble or at ISOLDE facility at CERN [3]. The isomers of Xe are then hyperpolarized via collisions with laser-polarized rubidium vapor (Spin Exchange Optical Pumping) [4]. Once polarized and placed inside a magnetic field, they emit γ-rays whose direction of emission depends on the degree of spin polarization. Emitted radiation is acquired with CeGAAG crystals coupled to Si photodetectors and readout electronics compatible with strong magnetic fields, which are able to support very high count-rates. Once high polarization is successfully acquired, similar procedure can be used to record the spins’ response to rf pulses in gradient magnetic field, which is up to 105 more sensitive than usual signal pick-up in rf coils. References: [1] R. Engel, Master thesis 2018, https://cds.cern.ch/record/2638538. [2] Y. Zheng et al., Nature 537, 652 (2016). [3] M. Kowalska et al., Letter of Intent, CERN-INTC-2017-092 / INTC-I-205 (2017). [4] T. G. Walker and W. Happer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 629 (1997).
14:00 Uhr s.t., https://zoom.us/j/94520261050 (Passwort-Anfrage an "stuckker@uni-mainz.de")

07.05.20Prof. Dr. Monika Schleier-Smith, Stanford University, USA
The dream of the quantum engineer is to have an “arbitrary waveform generator” for designing quantum states and Hamiltonians. Motivated by this vision, I will report on advances in optical control of long-range interactions among cold atoms. Our lab is exploring two approaches: photon-mediated and Rydberg-mediated interactions. By coupling atoms to light in an optical resonator, we generate tunable non-local Heisenberg interactions, characterizing the resulting phases and dynamics by real-space imaging. Notable observations include photon-mediated spin-mixing—a new mechanism for generating correlated atom pairs—and interaction-based protection of spin coherence. In a separate platform, we employ Rydberg dressing to induce Ising interactions in a gas of cesium atoms in their hyperfine clock states, enabling the realization of a Floquet transverse-field Ising model. I will discuss prospects in quantum simulation and quantum metrology promised by the versatility of optical control.
17:00 Uhr s.t., https://zoom.us/j/94520261050 (Passwort-Anfrage an "stuckker@uni-mainz.de")

Achtung: Uhrzeit geändert!

14.05.20Prof. Dr. Kai-Mei Fu, Depts of Physics and Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Single defects in crystals, often termed “quantum defects”, are promising qubit candidates for quantum network applications. I will first provide an overview of the types of properties we seek in single defects, how we create these defects and how we measure them, illustrated with examples from my group’s research. I will then present the semiconductor-on-diamond integrated photonics platform my group is developing to scale networks of many entangled quantum defects.
17:00 Uhr s.t., https://zoom.us/j/94520261050 (Passwort-Anfrage an "stuckker@uni-mainz.de")

Achtung: Uhrzeit geändert!

28.05.20Prof. Dr. Herwig Ott, Department of Physics and Research Center OPTIMAS, University of Kaiserslautern, Germany
Ultracold quantum gases are usually well isolated from the environment. This allows for the study of ground state properties and non-equilibrium dynamics of many-body quantum systems under almost ideal conditions. Introducing a controlled coupling to the environment “opens” the quantum system and non-unitary dynamics can be investigated. Such an approach provides new opportunities to study fundamental quantum phenomena and to engineer robust many-body quantum states. I will present an experimental platform [1,2] that allows for the controlled engineering of dissipation in ultracold quantum gases by means of localized particle losses. This is exploited to study quantum Zeno dynamics in a Bose-Einstein condensate [3], where we find that the particle losses are well described by an imaginary potential in the system’s Hamiltonian. We also investigate the steady-states in a driven-dissipative Josephson array [4]. For small dissipation, the steady-states are characterized by balanced loss and gain and the eigenvalues are real. This situation corresponds to coherent perfect absorption [5], a phenomenon known from linear optics. Above a critical dissipation strength, the system decays exponentially, indicating the existence of purely imaginary eigenvalues. We discuss our results in the context of dissipative phase transitions. References [1] T. Gericke et al., Nature Physics 4, 949 (2008). [2] P. Würtz et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 080404 (2009). [3] G. Barontini et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 035302 (2013). [4] R. Labouvie et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 235302 (2016). [5] A. Müllers et al. Science Advances 4, eaat6539 (2018).
14:00 Uhr s.t., https://zoom.us/j/94520261050 (Passwort-Anfrage an "stuckker@uni-mainz.de")

04.06.20Dr. Hélène Perrin, Université de Paris 13, Sorbonne, Paris Cite, France
In this talk, I will discuss the dynamics of a superfluid quantum Bose gas confined at the bottom of a shell rf-dressed trap. Weakly interacting quantum degenerate atoms present a superfluid behavior, characterized by several properties including the emergence of specific collective modes at low energy or the apparition of quantum vortices when the fluid is set into rotation. In the talk I will describe the collective dynamical behavior of the atoms confined in this very smooth potential, from the low excitation regime where the first collective modes are observed to the fast rotation limit where the bubble shape of the trap plays an essential role.
14:00 Uhr s.t., https://zoom.us/j/94520261050 (Passwort-Anfrage an "stuckker@uni-mainz.de")

18.06.20Dr. Angela Papa, PSI, Villigen, Switzerland and University of Pisa/INFN, Italy
Lepton flavor violation (LFV) research is currently one of the most exciting branches of particle physics due to its high sensitivity to new physics. The observation of neutrino oscillations has clearly demonstrated that neutral lepton flavor is not conserved. This implies that charged LFV (cLFV) processes, such as the µ⁺ --> e⁺γ decay or the µ⁺ --> e⁺ e⁺ e⁻ decay, can also occur in simple extended Standard Model (SM) versions (i.e. including Dirac neutrinos) which takes into account for neutrino oscillations, although strongly suppressed. On the other hand, Beyond SM (BSM) extensions strongly enhance the predictions for cLFV branching ratios. Therefore such decays are ideal probes for new physics. In this talk the current status of the MEGII and the Mu3e experiments will be given. The first will aim at searching for the µ⁺ --> e⁺γ decay with a sensitivity of approx. 6 x10⁻¹⁴ while the second will pursue the µ⁺ --> e⁺ e⁺ e⁻ − decay search with an ultimate sensitivity of 10⁻¹⁶. Both experiments will be hosted at the Paul Scherrer Institut (Villigen, Switzerland) which delivers the most intense low energy continuous muon beam in the world (up to few x10⁸ µ/s), the optimal choice for such a kind of search. It will be also discussed the potentialities of these apparatuses to search for more exotics processes.
14:00 Uhr s.t., https://zoom.us/j/94520261050 (Passwort-Anfrage an "stuckker@uni-mainz.de")

25.06.20Prof. Dr. Jakob Reichel, Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, ENS Paris, France
Many if not all future quantum technologies are enabled by quantum correlations in a well-controlled many-particle system. In ensembles of atoms, ions and many other quantum emitters, such correlations can be generated with a high-finesse optical cavity. This approach is particularly promising for quantum metrology. I will present an experiment combining a compact trapped-atom clock on an atom chip and a fiber Fabry-Perot microcavity. This first "metrology-grade" spin squeezing experiment enabled us to produce spin squeezed states with unprecedented lifetime up to a second, and to observe a "quantum phase magnification" effect due to the subtle interplay of these many-particle entangled states with the exchange interaction that occurs in the trapped low-temperature gas.
14:00 Uhr s.t., https://zoom.us/j/94520261050 (Passwort-Anfrage an "stuckker@uni-mainz.de")

02.07.20Dr. Philipp Schindler, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Uni Innsbruck, Österreich
I will review our effort to build scalable quantum information processors with trapped atomic ions. In particular, I will focus on experiments to benchmark quantum operations that allow to predict the performance of quantum error correction. I will then discuss how to adapt these operations and benchmarking techniques to characterize ultrafast dynamics in single molecular ions.
14:00 Uhr s.t., https://zoom.us/j/94520261050 (Passwort-Anfrage an "stuckker@uni-mainz.de")

09.07.20Dr. Claudiu Genes, MPI for the Science of Light, Erlangen
Optical photons typically carry very little energy and momentum. Despite this, they can still be successfully employed to control the motion of various objects ranging from small molecules to macroscopic vibrating mirrors or membranes. We theoretically employ stochastic methods to show how light can be used to read out vibrations of nuclei in molecules [1] or to cool down the motion of photonic crystal mirrors [2] or membranes [3], close to their quantum ground state. [1] M. Reitz, C. Sommer and C. Genes, Langevin approach to quantum optics with molecules, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203602 (2019). [2] O. Cernotik, A. Dantan and C. Genes, Cavity quantum electrodynamics with frequency-dependent reflectors, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 243601 (2019). [3] C. Sommer and C. Genes, Partial optomechanical refrigeration via multi-mode cold damping feedback, Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 203605 (2019).
14:00 Uhr s.t., https://zoom.us/j/94520261050 (Passwort-Anfrage an "stuckker@uni-mainz.de")


Prof. Dr. Klaus Wendt
Institut fuer Physik, WA Quantum